Malayan People's Socialist Front
Founded: 31 August 1957
Dissolved: January 1966
Symbol: Bull, hoe, pen & wheel
A confederation of labour parties across Peninsular states formed Pan-Malayan Labour Party on 26 June 1952, which was reconstituted as a single party LPM on 6 June 1954 under the helm of D. S. Ramanathan. On 11 November 1955, Ahmad Boestamam, one-time youth chief of the banned Malay Nationalist Party, established PRM. The two parties launched leftist coalition MPSF on Merdeka Day and saw it officially registered on 29 July 1958. Ramanathan, who was succeeded by another former MNP leader Ishak Mohammad as LPM chief in 1959, joined MIC in 1963. Before the 1964 General Election, MPSF took in NCP, a Selangor UMNO splinter led by Abdul Aziz Ishak, brother of Singapore Head of State Yusof Ishak and PAP lawmaker Abdul Rahim Ishak. In December 1965, PRM left the coalition and a month later, LPM reverted to its own banner, snuffing out MPSF for good. In 1968, the moderate LPM wing merged with UDP to form Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia (Malaysian People's Movement Party) but broke away in 1971 to form Parti Keadilan Masyarakat Malaysia (Malaysian Social Justice Party) after Gerakan drew towards Alliance. A more radical LPM took on the Alliance government aggressively until it was banned on 6 September 1972. PRM was renamed PSRM in 1970. When it reverted to its original name in 1989, a pro-left group within PRM left to embark on socialist grassroots work before setting up PSM on 30 April 1998. Denied registration until 19 August 2008, PSM contested three elections under Democratic Action Party and Parti Keadilan Rakyat (People's Justice Party), which was known as Parti Keadilan Nasional (National Justice Party) before most PRM members crossed over to Keadilan in 2003. In 2015, PSM and PRM leaders co-founded Gabungan Kiri (Left Coalition) along with like-minded groups and individuals.
Component parties
Partai Ra'ayat Malaya
@ Parti Rakyat Malaysia
(English: Malayan People's Party
@ Malaysian People's Party)
Parti Sosialis Rakyat Malaysia
(English: Malaysian People's Socialist Party)
Labour Party of Malaya National Convention Party
Related organisation
Parti Sosialis Malaysia
(English: Socialist Party of Malaysia)