People's Action Party of Malaya
Founded: 10 March 1964
Dissolved: 9 September 1965
The Malaysian extension of Singapore's ruling People's Action Party applied for registration on 3 February 1964 and participated in the General Election that year in the Peninsular. On 13 August 1965, four days after Singapore separated from the Federation, sole lawmaker C. V. Devan Nair "replaced" Lee Kuan Yew as "secretary-general" of PAP Malaya. However, the Malaysian government de-registered the party, citing its constitution that stipulated it to be subordinate to a now-foreign party and its existence had become anomalous. The group attempted to retain PAP's name for a new party but failed and decided on DAP, launching it on 11 October 1965 with a rocket substituting the flash. Before it was legalised on 18 March 1966, pro-tem chairman Dr Chen Man Hin won a by-election as an independent to hand the nascent entity its first unofficial state seat. On 30 July 1967, Nair stepped down as DAP secretary-general and later returned to Singapore. He was succeeded by Goh Hock Guan, who also retained his seat in the 1969 GE. After the May 13 incident, Goh relinquished his posts and eventually left to join Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia. Under Lim Kit Siang, DAP established itself as a major opposition party. As it drew support mainly from the minority Chinese and Indian communities, it often worked within coalitions and had been part of Gagasan Rakyat (People's Concept), Barisan Alternatif (Alternative Front), Barisan Rakyat (People's Front), Pakatan Rakyat (People's Pact) and Pakatan Harapan (Hope Coalition). After the 2008 GE, DAP displaced Gerakan as the linchpin in the Penang government, with Lim's son Lim Guan Eng as Chief Minister. Ten years later, DAP became part of the federal government for the first time when PH won the 2018 GE, with the younger Lim becoming Finance Minister and Chow Kon Yeow replacing him as Penang CM. In Singapore, PAP remains the government with a dominant supermajority until today.
Related organisation
Democratic Action Party
General Elections record
Year Party Parliament State Assemblies
Seats Cand Won % Contested Seats Cand Won %
1963 PAP - - - - SG 51 51 37 46.9
1964 PAP 104 11 1 16.3 PN SL ML JH 282 15 0 13.9
1969 DAP 144 24 13 53.4 PN PR PA SL NS ML JH 330 57 31 51.7
1974 DAP 154 46 9 35.0 KD PN PR PA SL NS ML JH 360 121 23 32.1
1978 DAP 154 53 16 39.6 KD PN PR PA SL NS ML JH 312 127 25 45.9
1979 DAP - - - - SR 48 11 0 NA
1981 DAP - - - - SB 48 3 0 NA
1982 DAP 154 63 9 34.8 PL KD KN PN PR PA SL NS ML JH 312 129 12 31.0
1983 DAP - - - - SR 48 7 0 NA
1985 DAP - - - - SB 48 3 0 13.9
1986 DAP 177 63 24 44.7 KD KN PN PR PA SL NS ML JH 399 118 37 43.1
1987 DAP - - - - SR 48 11 0 29.4
1990 DAP - - - - SB 48 7 0 8.1
DAP (GR) 180 57 20 47.9 KD KN TR PN PR PA SL NS ML JH 351 89 45 49.4
1991 DAP - - - - SR 56 18 0 23.9
1994 DAP - - - - SB 48 2 0 11.9
1995 DAP 192 50 9 36.3 KD PN PR PA SL NS ML JH 394 103 11 NA
1996 DAP - - - - SR 62 6 3 43.9
1999 DAP (BA) 193 47 10 42.4 KD PN PR PA SL NS ML JH 442 89 11 40.8
2001 DAP - - - - SR 62 13 1 26.8
2004 DAP 219 45 12 40.0 KD PN PR PA SL NS ML JH SB 505 105 15 36.7
2006 DAP - - - - SR 71 12 6 52.8
2008 DAP (BR) 222 47 28 56.6 KD PN PR PA SL NS ML JH SB 505 102 73 56.7
2011 DAP (PR) - - - - SR 71 15 12 59.5
2013 DAP (PR) 222 51 38 63.2 PL KD PN PR PA SL NS ML JH SB 505 103 95 67.0
2016 DAP (PH) - - - - SR 82 31 7 39.7
2018 PKR (PH) 222 47 42 70.7 PL KD PN PR PA SL NS ML JH SB 505 104 101 73.7
2023 PH
By-Elections record
Year Party House % Year Party House % Year Party House %
1965 IND NS 52.2 1978 DAP SL 24.4 1997 DAP P (PR) 55.4
1967 DAP SL 25.0 DAP JH 12.7 DAP NS 33.8
DAP JH 38.3 DAP PL 19.9 DAP SR 47.8
1968 DAP P (JH) 37.7 DAP PN 64.4 DAP PN 34.4
DAP SL 43.0 1979 DAP P (SL) 23.7 2002 DAP PA 40.9
1971 DAP JH 41.3 1980 DAP PN 42.8 DAP P (SB) 16.9
1972 DAP P (SL) 33.0 1982 DAP PR 71.5 2007 DAP ML 20.8
DAP P (NS) 16.8 1983 DAP PA 59.6 2010 DAP P (SR) 50.2
1973 DAP SL 15.0 DAP P (NS) 57.7 2014 DAP P (PN) 90.0
1974 DAP PR 29.9 1987 DAP P (PR) 38.9 DAP P (PR) 49.7
1975 DAP P (SL) 27.3 1989 DAP P (PA) 31.0 2018 PH SL 85.0
1976 DAP KD 18.4 1991 DAP PN 45.5 2019 PH P (PA) 41.1
DAP JH 21.4 1995 DAP P (PN) 63.8 PH P (SB) 74.1
1977 DAP PR 25.1 1996 DAP ML 14.5
DAP NS 15.6