Parti Islam Se-Malaysia
(English: Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party)
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party
Founded: 24 November 1951
Symbol: Full moon Crescent moon & star
Originally the Islamic bureau of UMNO Malaya led by Ahmad Fuad Hassan and other UMNO clerics, it branched out as a separate Muslim organisation called Pan-Malayan Islamic Association in 1950. Dual membership of UMNO and PMIA was prohibited when the latter evolved into a political party. In 1953, Ahmad Fuad left to join Onn Ja'afar's Independence of Malaya Party. Dr Abbas Alias took over for three years before handing over the reins to Dr Burhanuddin al-Helmy, former leader of the banned Malay Nationalist Party, who shifted PMIP left. After Dr Burhanuddin passed away in 1969, his successor, Asri Muda, steered the party right by making nationalism the agenda. On 20 June 1971, PMIP changed its Malay name from "Persatuan Islam Sa-Tanah Melayu" to the present and popularized the "PAS" acronym. In 1973, Asri brought PAS into Barisan Nasional, a coalition spearheaded by Malaysia's ruling Alliance in a national reconciliation effort following the racial riots on 13 May 1969. PAS stayed within BN for four years before it was expelled in 1977 for attempting to remove its Kelantan Menteri Besar, Muhamed Nasir, which BN supported. This led to the Kelantan Emergency and Muhamed forming Barisan Jemaah Islamiah Se-Malaysia (Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front). PMIP was compelled by the authorities to change its symbol to a moon while giving up the star to Berjasa. In the Malaysia General Election the following year, PAS lost control of Kelantan to the joint team of BN and Berjasa. In 1986, Asri was ousted by Yusof Rawa and set up the BN-friendly Parti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia (Malaysia Muslim People's Party) or Hamim. Under Yusof, the party emphasis on religiosity increased. By 1990, PAS had regained its foothold in Kelantan as part of Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (Muslim Unity Movement) along with S46 and one-time adversaries Berjasa and Hamim. For the 2008 and 2013 elections, PAS was part of Barisan Rakyat (People's Front) and Pakatan Rakyat (People's Pact) respectively, which did well enough to deny BN a two-thirds majority but in 2015, it broke off and in 2016, establish its own opposition alliance Gagasan Sejahtera (Harmony Concept) with Berjasa and UMNO splinter Parti Ikatan Bangsa Malaysia (Malaysia National Alliance Party).