Parti Islam Se-Malaysia
(English: Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party)
Pan-Malayan Islamic Party
Founded: 24 November 1951
Symbol: Full moon Crescent moon & star
Originated from the Islam bureau of UMNO Malaya led by Ahmad Fuad Hassan and other UMNO clerics, which branched out as a separate Muslim organisation called Pan-Malayan Islamic Association. Dual membership of UMNO and PMIA was disallowed when the latter became a political party, ostracising Ahmad Fuad who returned to UMNO. Under the new leader Burhanuddin al-Helmy, PMIP carried a left-wing disposition. When Asri Muda took over, he steered PMIP right towards nationalism. In 1973, Asri brought PMIP into Barisan Nasional, a coalition initiated by Malaysia's ruling Alliance Party in a national reconciliation effort following the racial riots on 13 May 1969. PMIP stayed within BN for only four years before it was expelled in 1977 for attempting to remove its Menteri Besar in Kelantan, Muhamed Nasir, which BN supported. This led to the Kelantan Emergency and Muhamed forming Barisan Jemaah Islamiah Se-Malaysia (Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front) or Berjasa. PMIP was compelled by the authorities to change its symbol to a moon while giving up the star to Berjasa and also updated its party name. The following year, PAS lost control of Kelantan to the joint team of BN and Berjasa at the Malaysia General Election. In 1986, Asri was ousted by Yusof Rawa and set up the BN-friendly Parti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia (Malaysia Muslim People's Party) or Hamim. Under Yusof, the party focus on its religiosity increased. By 1990, it had regained its foothold in the state as part of Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (Muslim Unity Movement) along with S46 and old adversaries Berjasa and Hamim. Today, it is one of the key opposition parties in Malaysia and Kelantan remains its primary stronghold. After breaking off from Pakatan Rakyat (People's Pact) in 2015, it established Gagasan Sejahtera (Harmony Concept) in 2016 with UMNO splinter Parti Ikatan Bangsa Malaysia (Malaysia National Alliance Party) and Berjasa.