United Democratic Party
Founded: 22 April 1962
Dissolved: 23 June 1968
Symbol: Triangles
Established by a MCA splinter led by former MCA president Dr Lim Chong Eu who became UDP president, it was officially registered on 12 July 1962. UDP was dissolved in a bid to set up Gerakan together with former members of LPM. The new party was established on 24 March 1968 and legalised two months later, with Prof Syed Hussein Alatas as founding president for a year before Dr Lim took over. In its debut in the 1969 Malaysia General Election, it captured the MCA-controlled Penang state and held a joint celebration march with Democratic Action Party, which became a catalyst for the 13 May 1969 racial riots. From 1971, Gerakan began to foster ties with Malaysia's governing Alliance but this drew the ire of Prof Syed Hussein, Dr Tan Chee Khoon and those mostly from the defunct LPM, who broke away and formed the short-lived Parti Keadilan Masyarakat Malaysia. In 1973, Gerakan co-founded Barisan Nasional, a national unity government, along with Alliance and several opposition parties and has remained within the coalition since. The party also went on to hold onto Penang for nearly 40 years, jostling with and finally losing it to one-time ally DAP in 2008.
Related organisation
Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia
(English: Malaysia People's Movement Party)