People's Action Party
人民行动党 
Parti Tindakan Rakyat
Founded: 21 November 1954
Registered: 18 February 1961
Symbol: Flash & circle
Website: http://www.pap.org.sg/
Undoubtedly the most prominent political party in Singapore history, it began as a union of two left-wing congregations. Both groups fought for the country's independence but in different ways, with one headed by Lee Kuan Yew and the other by Lim Chin Siong. The former eventually altercated with the latter, branded them as communist sympathisers and purged them from the party, who went on to establish Barisan. Since winning the 1959 General Election to form the government, PAP has dominated Singapore's political arena for decades and remains the ruling party today, albeit shifting from the socialist ideology to a "big tent" approach. Lee was Singapore's first Prime Minister for 32 years and, except for a short period in 1957, PAP's secretary-general for nearly 40 years. A year after Singapore joined Malaysia in 1963, PAP made a bristling but futile venture into mainland politics. The post-separation nascent movement left behind evolved into Democratic Action Party. On 28 November 1990, Goh Chok Tong succeeded Lee as PM and on 15 November 1992 took over as PAP secretary-general. Goh handed the reins to Lee's eldest son Lee Hsien Loong on 12 August 2004, who also assumed PAP's key post on 3 December 2004. The younger Lee would pass on the premiership to his successor after the 2020 GE. To date, half of Singapore's Presidents were PAP Members of Parliament, namely C. V. Devan Nair, one of four appointed Presidents, as well as Ong Teng Cheong, Dr Tony Tan and Mdm Halimah Yacob, who make up three out of four elected Presidents. Ong and Tan were former PAP chairmen and Deputy PMs. The party's publication is "Petir", which is a Malay translation of the word "lightning".
General Elections record
Year Seats Cand Won % Year Seats Cand Won %
1955 25 4 3 55.7 1988 (Supermajority) 81 81 80 63.2
1959 (Supermajority) 51 51 43 54.1 1991 (Supermajority) 81 81 77 61.0
1963 (2-3rds majority) 51 51 37 46.9 1997 (Supermajority) 83 83 81 65.0
1968 (Clean sweep) 58 58 58 86.7 2001 (Supermajority) 84 84 82 75.3
1972 (Clean sweep) 65 65 65 70.4 2006 (Supermajority) 84 84 82 66.6
1976 (Clean sweep) 69 69 69 74.1 2011 (Supermajority) 87 87 81 60.1
1980 (Clean sweep) 75 75 75 77.7 2015 (Supermajority) 89 89 83 69.9
1984 (Supermajority) 79 79 77 64.8 2020        
By-Elections record
Year Seats Cand Won % Year Seats Cand Won %
1957 2 1 1 68.1 May 1977 1 1 1 70.6
Apr 1961 1 1 0 26.7 Jul 1977 1 1 1 72.2
Jul 1961 1 1 0 36.7 1979 7 7 7 72.7
1965 1 1 1 59.5 1981 1 1 0 47.1
Jan 1966 1 1 1 82.9 1992 4 4 4 72.9
Mar 1966 3 3 3 - 2012 1 1 0 37.9
Nov 1966 3 3 3 - 2013 1 1 0 43.7
1967 5 5 5 83.6 2016 1 1 1 61.2
1970 5 5 5 69.9
Local Elections record
Year Seats Cand Won % Year Seats Cand Won %
1957 (Coalition) 32 14 13 63.2 1958 (By-Election) 1 1 1 52.0
President Elections (endorsed past members) record
Year Won % Year Won % Year Won % Year Won %
1993 Y 58.7 2011 Y 35.2 2017 Y - 2023